Bipolar disorder are periods of elevated or irritable mood accompanied by dramatis increase in energy, activity, and thinking. Symtoms are more severe and different than the normal ups and downs everyone goes through.
the illness has two phases: 1) mania and 2) depression.
Mania is characterized as having:
Euphoria or irritability
Increase of energy and activity
Excessive talk, racing thoughts
Unusual energy; less need for sleep
Impulsiveness; shopping sprees, fast driving, impetuous travel, sometimes promiscuous sex, high-risk investments.
Bipolar depression symptoms may include:
Depressed mood and low self-esteem
Sadness, loneliness, helpless
Slow speech, fatigue
Lack of interest in usual activities
Manic or mixed episodes that last at least seven days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe the person needs
immediate hospital care. Depressive episodes occur as well lasting at least 2 weeks
Bipolar 2: Is defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but no full-blown manic or mixed
Rapid-cycling Bipolar Disorder: Occurs when a person has four or more episodes of major depression, mania, or mixed
states all within a year.